Monday, February 25, 2008

How to know the current session of a particular machine inside a network.

1. Go to "Start" then "Run"
2. Type "cmd" then hit Enter.
3. Type “net session” to view the machines connected to your machine

C:\Documents and Settings\libertyb>net session
Computer User name Client Type Opens Idle time
\\ PH-PRINTER$ Windows 2000 2195 1 01:32:27
The command completed successfully.

4. To delete the session, just type “net session /delete”
C:\Documents and Settings\libertyb>net session /delete
These workstations have sessions on this server:
Do you want to continue this operation? (Y/N) [Y]: y
These workstations have sessions with open files on this server:
Do you want to continue this operation? (Y/N) [N]: y
The command completed successfully.

5. For a particular machine, just type in “NET SESSION [\\computername] [/DELETE]”

How to locate a shared folder.

Sometimes, we forgot the location a shared folder.
To be able to find the location of that shared folder, here's how:

1. Right Click the My Computer
2. Click "Manage"
3. On the left pane, Click the "Shared Folders" then "Shares"
4. On the Right Pane, you'll see the Shared Folder Path.

How to enable a remote connection from other machine to Windows XP machine.

1. Go to My Computer

2. Right click then Properties.

3. On the Remote Tab, check the checkbox for "Allow users to connect remotely to this computer."

You can also limit the access of those accounts who can use the remote desktop feature.

4. Click Apply then Ok.

Effect: user can now access the XP machine remotely.

Thursday, January 31, 2008

How to use/unused the Cached Exchange Mode in Client Outlook.

This option will let the Microsoft Outlook Client to use the Cache data when opening the Outlook Client.

1. Open your Microsoft Outlook Client.
2. Go to "Tools" on the top menu.
3. Choose the "Email Accounts" menu. A wizard window will prompt.
4. On the "E-mail" Section, you may choose "Add a new email account button" If you'll going to add a new and "View or change exisiting email accounts" for modification.
5. Click "Change" button if you'll going to modify. Then uncheck the option "Use Cached Exchange Mode" under the "Microsoft Exchange Server Field.
6. Click "Next" and Finish.

How to mark item as Read/Unread when selection changes in Outlook 2003.

Requirement: Microsoft Outlook 2003.

1. Open your Microsoft Outlook 2003
2. On the top menu, Go to Tools
3. Click the "Options"
4. On "Other" tab, find the "Reading Pane" section.
5. Click the "Reading Pane" button then check or uncheck the selection based on your requirements.
6. Then Click OK.

Sunday, January 27, 2008

How to add a computer to a Domain or Workgroup

1. On the “My Computer” icon, right click to view the menu and click properties.
2. On the Network Identification Tab, Click the “Network ID” button to start the wizard.
3. Input the desire computer name and the domain or workgroup name. Then click Ok.
4. You will be prompted for a username and password with privileges to add a computer to the domain or workgroup.
5.Then Click Ok. A message box will pop up, indicating the successful result.

Friday, January 25, 2008

How to edit computer registry

1. Go to Start
2. Click Run
3. In the input box, Type REGEDIT then click OK

4. The Registry Editor will now open
Browse to the key containing the value you want to modify. Click once to highlight the key. You can view the values of eack key in the right pane menu. Right-click to view the options: Modify; Modify Binary Data; Delete; or Rename.

Sunday, January 13, 2008

How to list and view files in Linux

ls -> list/displays contents of a directory.

cat -> displays (concatenate) the contents of a text file to the screen.

head-> views first few lines of a file. The defaut number of lines is 10.

tail -> views the last few lines of a file.

more -> view the file page by page.

less -> view the file page by page but you can use the up-down keys.

grep -> global regular expression print, Displays lines in a text file mathcing a given regexp.

file -> determines the file type of a file.

How to identify the original file type of a file in Linux

In Linux most files do not have file extensions.
Using the File command you can determine what is the real filetype of a certain file.

type File [filename]

Filename is the identifier to a given file.
File extensions is the identifiers following a dot (.) at the end of filename.

How to change directories in Linux

cd -> change the directory
cd.. ->change directory one step backward
cd- ->change directory to previous working directory
pwd -> print working directory
cd~ -> change to user's home directory

How to verify the applied settings in Linux

To verify the settings or changes in the configuration, you can use the following commands

->ifconfig - to verify the IP address
->route -n to verify the default route
->netstat -nr to verify the default route
->cat /etc/resolv.conf to verify the DNS settings
->hostname to verify the computer hostname

How to apply the new settings in Linux

To apply the configuration that has been done, you must run the following:

For Redhat/Mandrake

#service network restart
#/etc/rc.d/init.d/network [startstoprestart]

For debian/Debian based Linux


For Hostname settings take effect, restart the whole operating system.

How to configure Nameserver for all Linux OS

Edit and save the file resolv.conf

Location: /etc/resolv.conf



How to configure Gateway and Hostname in Redhat and Mandrake

Edit and save the the file using linux editor

location: /etc/sysconfig/network



Friday, January 11, 2008

How to use the nslookup

To get the A record using nslookup


Default Server:
> set q=a ->Setting the A record
Non-authoritative answer:

How to use wget.exe

You can download the installer of the wget.exe in the internet.

What's the use of wget.exe?

Once you've got the exe file for this tool.
You can go to "start -> run -> type "cmd" and then enter"

Example: the exe file is located at c:

Go to c: folder by typing "c:" then enter
type "wget

Example result:

F:\CLI>wget -S
--03:54:36-- => `index.html.1'
Resolving done.Connecting to[]:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response...
1 HTTP/1.0 200 OK
2 Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
3 Last-Modified: Sat, 05 Jan 2008 19:52:22 GMT
4 Cache-Control: max-age=0 private
5 ETag: "dcf2d6f9-144e-48ce-9390-f6fc4f73d71f"
6 Date: Thu, 10 Jan 2008 19:54:37 GMT
7 Server: GFE/1.3
8 Connection: Close
[ <=> ] 65,595 9.69K/s
03:54:44 (9.69 KB/s) - `index.html.1' saved [65595]

The -s at the end of the URL is a command that aligned the output.
You can also type "wget --help" if you need assistance.

Sunday, January 6, 2008

How to create a DNS record.

->Log on to the SiteManager

->Go to Subdomain & DNS menu.

->Click the Create New Subdomain or DNS Record

->Enter the name of subdomain you want to create

->Select DNS record, and then click Next.

You can choose what you want to create A record, CNAME record or NS record.

->Choose accordingly and press Next to continue.

The next screen will differ according to the choice you made on the previous screen.
If you choose A record you will be asked an IP address to point the A record to.
If you choose CNAME record you will be asked another hostname to make alias to.
If you choose NS record you will be asked up to four DNS servers to delegate to.
Answer the question given then click Next.

->Press Finish to continue.

How to view mailboxes on your Microsoft Outlook Client

Note: Make sure that you have the permission to view the mailbox that you will going to add.

-> Open your outlook client
-> Click Tools -> Email Accounts-> Click the button for "View or change existing e-mail accounts then Next.
-> Click the Change button on the upper right menu.
-> Click the More settings button on lower menu.
-> A pop up window will appear, on the Advanced tab, click the Add button
-> Type the name of the mailbox you want to view. Click Ok once done adding.
-> Click next then finish.

How to identify the IP (Internet Protocol) address of a domain

For you to be able to identify the IP (Internet Protocol) address of a domain.
You can perform by using the Ping command


Pinging [] with 32 bytes of data:

Reply from bytes=32 time=240ms TTL=47
Reply from bytes=32 time=238ms TTL=47
Reply from bytes=32 time=239ms TTL=47
Reply from bytes=32 time=237ms TTL=47

Ping statistics for Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds: Minimum = 237ms, Maximum = 240ms, Average = 238ms

You can also use the nslookup command to identify the addresses


Non-authoritative answer:


How to create to create Personal Folders (or PST files) in Outlook

Here are the steps to create Personal Folders (or PST files) in Outlook.

->On your Outlook, click on File > New > Outlook Data File

->Click OK.

->Type in the File name and save it in your desired folder location. Make sure you remember this location. It is advisable that you save it closer to C:\ folder. Click OK.

->Make sure to type in your desired Display name for your Personal Folder. Click OK.

->Done. Your Personal Folder will now appear in the left pane of your Outlook.

To Archive, just click on File > Archive. And setup the correct settings.

How to rename a folder or file using DOS command

ren is a DOS command which will rename a folder or file.

1. Go to "Start" -> "Run" then type "cmd" then click "OK" button.

2. Select the location where the file you want to rename is located.


To rename the "Liberty.doc" file to "Libay.doc"

3. Just type "ren Liberty.doc Libay.doc"

How to defragement your files

Disk Defragmenter is a Microsoft Windows computer program that rearrange files stored in your computer hard disk to accupy contiguous storage locations. It increase the size of usable hard disk space.

Here's how:

1. Go to "Start" -> "Programs" -> "Accessories" -> "System Tools" then "Disk Defragmenter"
2. Select the disk that you want to Analyze or Defragment.
3. Click the Analyse button or the Defragment button.
3. The time to finish the defragmentation depends on how many files are stored in your disk.

How to adjust the motion of your mouse pointer.

1. Go to "Start" -> "Settings'' -> "ControlPanel"
2. Click the icon for the mouse
3. Select the "Motion" Tab
4. Set the desire motion of your mouse by moving the indicator.
5. Click "Apply" then the "OK" button.

How to clear your browser cache (Internet Explorer)

Open your internet browser

Click "Tools" -> Internet Options

Ø Under general tab: click the delete files, delete cookies, clear history
Ø Under security tab: click internet, local intranet, trusted sites, restricted sites
one by one and to each click the default level button
Ø Under privacy, tab: click default
Ø Under programs tab: click reset web settings
Ø Under advanced tab: click restore defaults button
Ø Close IE and then relaunch.

How to delete the oab files on your Microsoft outlook to refresh the GAL

1.Open my computer, click on Tools then chose folder options.

2.On the Folder Options, click on View Tab, the put a mark on Show Hidden Files.

3.Click Apply, then Click Ok

4.Go to your C: Drive>> Document and Settings>> then locate your profile.

5.On your profile, Choose Local Settings Folder>>Application Data>>Microsoft>> Outlook. You will see now the oab files. Before deleting it, please be sure that Outlook is not running on the task manager or Outlook is close.

6.Delete the oab files.

7.Open your Outlook and check the Global Address book.